Prof. Dr. phil. Carmen Leicht-Scholten

 

Tensions?! Gender and Diversity Perspectives in Science and Technology Studies, and Politics of Equality

Gender and Science & Technology Studies for many decades have been making efforts to integrate gender and diversity perspectives in research and development of technology on structural, organizational and content level. Yet the ambivalent relation between Gender and Science & Technology Studies and politics of equality has been characterized by tensions. To meet global challenges the connection of both provides an important potential for innovation generation and societal equality. Thus, if we take a closer look at the EU concept of „Responsible research and innovation“, we see the normative anchor points, investigations in research and innovation should be based on. Research and innovation must be committed to the needs and ambitions of society, reflect its values and be responsible. Building on this, the talk will discuss strategies and concepts, chances and challenges for an inter- and transdisciplinary dialog between Gender & Science and Technology Studies and STEM disciplines.

Research Areas

Social Responsible Research and Innovation, Gender in Higher Education and Engineering Culture

Vita

Carmen Leicht-Scholten is holding a professorship for Gender and Diversity in Engineering at the faculty of Civil Engineering at RWTH Aachen University. From May 2012 – May 2016 she has been Vice Dean for Studies Affairs at the Faculty of Civil Engineering. She is German representative of the cost action GenderSTE and representing Aachen University in CDIO, an innovative educational framework for producing the next generation of engineers. She is coeditor of “Gender- Zeitschrift für Geschlecht, Kultur und Gesellschaft” and author of various publications on gender in science and engineering.

References

Leicht-Scholten, Carmen and Schroeder, Ulrik. Ed. 2014. „Informatikkultur neu denken – Konzepte für Studium und Lehre: Integration von Gender und Diversity in MINT-Studiengängen". Wiesbaden: Springer Vieweg.

Leicht-Scholten, Carmen, Breuer, Elke, Tulodetzki, Nathalie and Wolffram, Andrea. Ed. 2011. „Going Diverse: Innovative Answers to Future Challenges. Gender and Diversity Perspectives in Science, Technology and Business". Opladen: Budrich UniPress.

Leicht-Scholten, Carmen. Ed. 2007. „Gender and Science. Perspektiven in der Wissenschaft". Bielefeld: Transcript Verlag.

Contact

Prof. Dr. phil. Carmen Leicht-Scholten
RWTH Aachen 
Lehr- und Forschungsgebiet Gender und Diversity in den Ingenieurwissenschaften
Kackertstraße 9
D - 52072 Aachen
Tel.: +49 (0) 241-80-90549
Diese E-Mail-Adresse ist vor Spambots geschützt! Zur Anzeige muss JavaScript eingeschaltet sein!

Links

Homepage

Gender and Diversity in den Ingenieurwissenschaften (GDI) - RWTH Aachen

Forschungsprojekte des GDI


 

Prof. Dr. Ruth Müller

Of Rats and Women: Gender, Motherhood and Knowledge in Environmental Epigenetics

Environmental epigenetics is the study of how environmental signals affect gene expression. Within this growing field of molecular biology, experiments on the epigenetic effects of maternal care on offspring health have received much scientific and public attention and are often called upon to showcase how environmental epigenetics will create a new understanding of life as inherently biosocial. While this research is exciting and offers possible opportunities for collaboration between molecular biology and the social sciences, it is also necessary to consider its political dimensions; for example how commonsense assumptions about sex and gender, but also race and class are present in the design, interpretation and dissemination of experiments on the epigenetic effects of maternal care mostly conducted in rodents. A critical analysis of these dimensions can be a fruitful starting point for a imagining a new form of biosocial knowledge production that includes researchers from the biological and the social sciences.

Research Areas

Interactions of research policy, institutional values and academic knowledge cultures; Norms and practices of academic career development and their epistemic consequences; Sociology and epistemology of the life sciences; Gender, diversity and feminist technoscience studies

Vita

Ruth Müller is Assistant Professor of Science & Technology Policy at the Munich Center for Technology in Society (MCTS) at the TU München. She is a researcher in the interdisciplinary field of Science & Technology Studies (STS), with a background in molecular biology (MSc) and sociology (PhD). Her work explores the interactions between society, policy and scientific knowledge production, with a focus on the life sciences and biomedicine.

References

Müller, Ruth and Kenney, Martha. forthcoming. „Of Rats and Women: Narratives of Motherhood in Environmental Epigenetics". BioSocieties.

Müller, Ruth. forthcoming. „Der epigenetische Körper. Zwischen biosozialer Komplexität und Umweltdeterminismus". In: Villa, Paula-Irene, Wustmann, Julia, Loick Molina, Steffen und Meßmer, Anna-Katharina. Hrsg. „Cut'n Paste The Body. Bodies, Genders, Technologies."

Müller, Ruth, Pickersgill, Martyn, Niewöhner, Jörg, Martin, Paul and Cunningham-Burley, Sarah. 2013. „Mapping the New Molecular Landscape: Social and Ethical Aspects of Epigenetics". New Genetics & Society 32,4. 429–447. DOI.

Contact

Prof. Dr. Ruth Müller
Assistant Professor for Science & Technology Policy
Munich Center for Technology in Society (MCTS)
TU München
Augustenstr. 44-46
D - 80333 München
Tel.: +49 (0)89-289-29214
Diese E-Mail-Adresse ist vor Spambots geschützt! Zur Anzeige muss JavaScript eingeschaltet sein!

Links

Homepage

Technische Universität München

 


 

Foto: © MedUni Wien/Matern

Prof. Dr. Alexandra Kautzky-Willer

 

Gender and Medicine

Gender medicine studies sex- and gender-based differences in development, awareness, and presentation of diseases as well as the effectiveness of prevention strategies and therapies. Differences exist in genes, chromosomes, hormones, and metabolism (biological factors) as well as in culture, environment, and society (psychosocial factors). Lifelong interactions between physical and psychosocial factors influence health and disease of men and women in different ways and also affect future generations through epigenetic modifications. Prominent differences occur within noncommunicable and psychological diseases, such as type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular diseases or the typically considered “female” diseases osteoporosis and depression. Such classifications of diseases often lead to inappropriate diagnosis and treatment of the opposite sex or gender. Modern medicine takes sex- and gender-sensitive factors into account to improve health-related quality of life of men and women.

Gender und Medizin

Gendermedizin untersucht sex- und gender-spezifische Unterschiede in Entstehung, Bewusstsein und der klinischen Präsentation von Erkrankungen, sowie die Effizienz von Prävention und Therapie. Es gibt genetische, chromosomale, hormonelle und metabolische („biologisch-bedingt“) sowie kulturelle, umweltbedingte und soziale („psychosozial-bedingt“) Unterschiede. Physische und psychosoziale Faktoren beeinflussen die Gesundheit von Männern und Frauen ein Leben lang auf unterschiedlichem Wege und haben durch epigenetische Mechanismen Auswirkungen auf zukünftige Generationen. Prominente Unterschiede gibt es bei nicht-übertragbare Krankheiten und psychologischen Geschehen, wie Typ 2 Diabetes, kardiovaskulären Ereignissen oder der typischerweise „weiblich“ kategorisierten Osteoporose oder Depression. Solche Klassifikationen führen zu Benachteiligungen bei Diagnose und Behandlung des jeweils anderen Geschlechts. Moderne Medizin berücksichtigt geschlechtsspezifische Faktoren um die Gesundheit von Männern und Frauen zu verbessern.

Vita

Prof. Dr. Alexandra Kautzky-Willer is head of the Gender Medicine Unit at the medical University in Vienna/Austria and teaches the University Course Gender Medicine. She is the deputy head of the Department of Internal Medicine III of the Medical University and the General Hospital of Vienna. Additionally Kautzky-Willer occupies the position of ÖGGSM president.

References

Kautzky-Willer, Alexandra, Harreiter, Jürgen and Pacini, Giovanni. 2016. „Sex and gender differences in risk, pathophysiology and complications of type 2 diabetes mellitus“. In: Endocrine Reviews. E-publication ahead of print. DOI.

Kautzky-Willer, Alexandra. 2014. „Gendermedizin. Geschlechtsspezifische Aspekte in der klinischen Medizin”. In: Bundesgesundheitsblatt–Gesundheitsforschung–Gesundheitsschutz. 57,9. 1022–1030. DOI.

Kautzky-Willer, Alexandra u.a. 2014. „Sex-Specific Differences in Hemodialysis Prevalence and Practices and the Male-to-Female Mortality Rate: The Dialysis Outcomes and Practice Patterns Study (DOPPS)“. In: PLoS Medicine. 11,10. DOI.

Contact

Prof. Dr. Alexandra Kautzky-Willer
Gender Medicine Unit
Klinische Abteilung für Endokrinologie und Stoffwechsel
Universitätsklinik für Innere Medizin III
Medizinische Universität Wien
Währinger Gürtel 18-20
A - 1090 Wien
Tel.: +43 664 800 16 58513

Links

Gender Medicine Unit

Universitätslehrgang Gender Medicine

Österreichische Gesellschaft für geschlechtsspezifische Medizin (ÖGGSM)


 

Prof. Dr. Joan Roughgarden

 

The Gender Binary in Nature and Across Human Cultures

The animal kingdom offers no support for a natural universal distinction between male and female sexual categories for whole organisms. Nor does the animal kingdom support the universal existence of two fixed genders within species. The discovery of extensive variation in gender expression and sexuality in nature challenges traditional biological explanations of animal behavior, especially accounts that trace to Darwin’s theory of sexual selection. Variation in human gender expression and sexual orientation occurs among people in all cultures throughout the world. All cultures have indigenous institutions and norms to accommodate the natural variation in the human species. In Western culture too, even the Bible contains explicit inclusionary reference to human variation in gender expression.

Research Areas

Evolution of cooperation

Vita

Joan Roughgarden received bachelor degrees in biology and philosophy from University of Rochester in 1968 and a Ph.D. in biology from Harvard University in 1971. She has taught at Stanford University since 1972 as Professor of Biology and Geophysics. In 2011 she retired and moved to the island of Kauai in Hawaii where she remains a Stanford professor (emerita). In 2012 she joined the University of Hawaii’s Institute of Marine Biology as Adjunct Professor and Research Scientist. While at Stanford, in 1992 Joan founded and directed the Earth Systems Program and in 1995 received the Dinkelspiel Award for service to undergraduate education.

References

Roughgarden, Joan. 2015. „Sexual selection: Is anything left?". In: Hoquet, Thierry. Ed. „Current Perspectives on Sexual Selection. What's Left After Darwin?". Series: History, Philosophy and Theory of the Life Sciences 9. Dordrecht: Springer Verlag. 85–102.

Roughgarden, Joan. 2014. „Evolution's Rainbow: Diversity, Gender, and Sexuality in Nature and People". Tenth Anniversary Edition. Berkeley CA: University of California Press.

Roughgarden, Joan. 2009. „The Genial Gene: Deconstructing Darwinian Selfishness". Berkeley CA: University of California Press. Berkeley CA.

Contact

Joan Roughgarden
Hawaii Institute of Marine Biology
University of Hawaii
5241 Wili Road
Kapaa HI 9674
Tel.: +1808-415-867-4786
Diese E-Mail-Adresse ist vor Spambots geschützt! Zur Anzeige muss JavaScript eingeschaltet sein!

Links

Homepage

Roughgarden on the Gender Binary in Nature, Culture and the Bible

RAM - 2050


 

Prof. Dr. Tomas Brage

 

Gender and Physics – what does recent research and experiences say?

Physics is often seen, by Physicists not the least, as an objective Science and we believe we are surrounded by a “culture without culture”. At the same time our history, class- and board rooms are dominated by men. This is a clear paradox that should awaken the curiosity of anyone. In this talk I will give some examples on how you can approach the question on “what does gender have to do with Physics”. There have been several studies of Physicists and I will combine a discussion of these with some general theory and personal experiences, to paint a picture on how gender transgress Physics, like all other fields. By using the three levels of change introduced by Schiebinger, I refer to studies of e.g. Anthropologists and Psychologists. The bias against women, due to the fact that Physics is stereotypically male, combined with the “myth of meritocracy” could be one key to understand the lack of women in the field.The talk is intended as a translation of results from recent progress in Gender Science to an audience of non-experts in the field, especially people within STEM-fields. The aim is to give some answers to the question in the title, but also to show that this is an extremely interesting and active research field.

Research Areas

Physics, Laboratory Astrophysics, Computational Atomic Physics

Vita

Tomas Brage is a Professor of Physics at the Lund University, Sweden, and a visiting researcher at the Fudan University in Shanghai, China. At Lund University he has led the Gender Certification project and, most recently, the Core-Value project. 2012 he has received the Gunilla Jarlbro award for important contributions to the strive for equal opportunities in academia. Brage is a stearing group member for the workgroup for Gender of the Leading European Research Universities (LERU) network, the Gender_STE COST network and the GENERA Horizon 2020 project.

References

Brage, Tomas and Lövkrona, Inger. 2016. "Core values work in the academia - with experiences from Lund University". Lund University: Media Tryck.

Contact

Diese E-Mail-Adresse ist vor Spambots geschützt! Zur Anzeige muss JavaScript eingeschaltet sein!

Links

Lund University